February 9, 2009
KATIE COURIC INTRO: When US Airways flight 1549 crash-landed into New York’s Hudson River, what seemed destined to be a tragedy became an extraordinary tale of success and survival. By the time all 155 people were pulled from the icy waters by a flotilla of rescue boats, a story began to emerge of a highly trained pro with a cool demeanor who had deftly guided his doomed aircraft to safety.
In an instant, Captain Chesley “Sully” Sullenberger found himself at the heart of an uplifting news story people all over the world wanted to celebrate. Now for the first time, he gives his account of the harrowing five minutes in the sky over New York City.
SULLY: It was the worst sickening pit of your stomach, falling through the floor feeling I’ve ever felt in my life. I knew immediately it was very bad.
COURIC: Did you think, ‘How are we gonna get ourselves out of this?’.
SULLY: No. My initial reaction was one of disbelief. ‘I can’t belief this is happening. This doesn’t happen to me’.
COURIC: What did you mean by that?
SULLY: I meant that I had this expectation that my career would be one in which I didn’t crash an airplane.
COURIC VOICE OVER: First responders in New York City expected the worst – an Airbus A320 with 155 people down in the middle of the frigid Hudson River. Only five minutes earlier, Captain Sullenberger had taken off from LaGuardia Airport on a routine flight bound for Charlotte, N.C.
SULLY: It was a normal climb out in every regard. And about 90 seconds after takeoff, I notice there were birds, filling the entire windscreen, from top to bottom, left to right, large birds, close, too close to avoid.
COURIC: When did you realize these birds had hit the plane?
SULLY: Oh, you could hear them, as soon as they did. Loud thumps. It felt like the airplane being pelted by heavy rain or hail. It sounded like the worst thunderstorm I’d ever heard growing up in Texas. It was shocking.
COURIC: When did you realize that these birds had seriously damaged the aircraft?”
SULLY: When I felt, heard and smelled the evidence of them going into the engines. I heard the noises. I felt the engine vibrations, of the damage being done to the engines. And I smelled what I described at the time, and I still would as a burned bird smell being brought from the engine area into the conditioning system of the airplane.
COURIC: Did you realize right away the engines are failing?
SULLY: It was obvious to me from the moment that we lost the thrust that this was a critical situation. Losing thrust on both engines, at a low speed, at a low altitude, over one of the most densely populated areas on the planet. Yes, I knew it was a very challenging situation.
COURIC: What did the aircraft itself do?
SULLY: It was almost a complete loss of forward momentum The airplane stopped climbing and going forward, and began to rapidly slow down. That’s when I knew I had to take control of the airplane.
COURIC: How did you do that?
SULLY: I put my hand on the side stick and I said, the protocol for the transfer of control, ‘my aircraft,’ and the first officer, Jeff immediately answered, ‘Your aircraft’.
COURIC: So you took control of the plane…the engines have stopped working…how do you fly a plane like that?
SULLY: You glide it. You use the forward momentum to provide the air flow over the wings to provide the sufficient lift.
COURIC: What went through your head?
SULLY: I knew immediately that this, unlike every other flight I’d had for 42 years, was probably not going to end with the airplane undamaged on the runway.”
COURIC VOICE OVER: The airplane was about 3,000 feet over New York City and descending fast. Thirty seconds after the engines failed, Captain Sullenberger began urgently looking for someplace to land and radioed air traffic control.
SULLY: I said ‘Mayday. Mayday. Mayday.’
SULLY: …Cactus 1539, hit birds, we lost thrust in both engines. We’re turning back towards La Guardia.
Tracon controller PAT HARTEN: OK, yeah, you need to return to to La Guardia. Turn left heading of two-two-zero.
HARTEN: Tower, stop your departures, we got an emergency returning.
COURIC: But you didn’t return to LaGuardia.
SULLY: I quickly determined that due to our distance from LaGuardia and the distance and altitude required to make the turn back to LaGuardia, it would be problematic reaching the runway and trying to make a runway I couldn’t quite make could well be catastrophic to everyone on board, and persons on the ground. And my next thought was to consider Teterboro.
SULLY: What’s over to our right? Anything in New Jersey? Maybe Teterbro?
HARTEN: Ok, yeah, over to your right side is Teterboro airport. Do you want to go to Teterboro?
COURIC VOICE OVER: It soon became clear he couldn’t make it to Teterboro either.
HARTEN:…turn right 2-8-0. You can land runway 1 at Teterboro.
SULLY: We can’t do it.
SULLY: The only viable alternative, the only level smooth place sufficiently large to land an airliner was the river.
COURIC: Was it in your sight?
SULLY: It was to my right.
COURIC: You contacted air traffic control again, didn’t you?
SULLY: Yes. I said, ‘We’re going in the Hudson.’
COURIC VOICE OVER: That decision to go in the Hudson was made two and a half minutes into the flight – and just one minute after the birds had hit. Sullenberger and his co-pilot Jeff Skiles started preparing to land on the water.
COURIC: What kinds of things did you have to think about or worry about during that process of that?
SULLY: As soon as I assumed control of the aircraft, I turned the engine ignition on. So if there was any chance of a relight, we would have gotten it automatically. The next thing I did was I started the auxiliary power unit, another small jet engine that we used to provide electrical power for the airplane.
COURIC: What happened when you all tried to do those things?
SULLY: No luck. I mean, I got the AP running, I turned the ignition on, but still, no usable thrust. We were descending rapidly toward the water
COURIC: So you were going fast toward the earth.
SULLY: The water was coming up at us fast.
COURIC: Do you think about the passengers at that moment?
SULLY: Not specifically. I mean, uhm, more abstractly, perhaps. I mean, knew I had to solve this problem. I knew I had to find a way out of this box I found myself in.
COURIC: Did you at any point pray?
SULLY: I would imagine somebody in back was taking care of that for me while I was flying the airplane.
COURIC: About 155 people?
SULLY: My focus at that point was so intensely on the landing.
COURIC: – You could think of nothing else.
SULLY: I thought of nothing else.
COURIC VOICE OVER: There were just three and a half minutes for Captain Sullenberger to accomplish what only a few commercial airline pilots had ever done.
[They put in the footage of hijacked Ethiopian Flight 961 that had run out of gas and crashed into the Indian Ocean. The pilot had tried to get close to shore to save as many passengers as possible. The touchdown wasn’t bad – his left wing dipped and hit first – but then it leveled out and was flat on the water until the engine snagged on a coral reef and the plane broke up. Many passengers survived the impact but drowned because they had on their life vests and couldn’t swim down to get out of the cabin.]
COURIC VOICE OVER: And he was determined to avoid the fate of an Ethiopian airliner, which landed in the Indian Ocean in 1996 and broke into pieces, killing most of the passengers on board.
SULLY: That was what I was trying to avoid.
COURIC: What were some of the things you had to do to make this landing successful?
SULLY: I needed to touch down with the wings exactly level. I needed to touch down with the nose slightly up. I needed to touch down at a descent rate that was survivable. And I needed to touch down just above our minimum flying speed but not below it. And I needed to make all these things happen simultaneously.
COURIC: And, yet, you had to keep your cool.
SULLY: Right. The physiological reaction I had to this was strong, and I had to force myself to use my training and force calm on the situation.
COURIC: Was that a hard thing to do?
SULLY: No. It just took some concentration.
COURIC: Did it feel like three and a half minutes?
SULLY: Yes. It did.
COURIC: It wasn’t in slow motion or…
SULLY: I wish it had been. I might’ve thought about more things on the way down.
COURIC: Tell me what you saw from the cockpit.
They have a helicopter shot of what he saw.
SULLY: I saw the river ahead of me. Long, wide with boats at the south end. We were trained to land in the water near other boats to facilitate rescue. That was where the airplane was headed and that was a good place to go.
COURIC VOICE OVER: Ninety seconds before hitting the water, Captain Sullenberger made an announcement to the passengers and crew. Three simple words: “Brace for impact.”
He makes a point of crediting the flight attendants for easing his mind about what would happen once he got them down.
SULLY: I made the ‘brace for impact’ announcement in the cabin and immediately, through the hardened cockpit door, I heard the flight attendants begin shouting their commands in response to my command to brace. ‘Heads down. Stay down.’ I could hear them clearly. They were chanting it in unison over and over again to the passengers, to warn them and instruct them. And I felt very comforted by that. I knew immediately that they were on the same page. That if I could land the airplane, that they could get them out safely.
COURIC: But there was still a big if.
SULLY he pauses and nods: I was sure I could do it.
COURIC: You were.
COURIC VOICE OVER: There couldn’t have been a better man for the job: a former Air Force fighter pilot who spent nearly 30 years flying commercial aircraft, specialized in accident investigations, and instructed flight crews on how to respond to emergencies in the air.
SULLY: I think, in many ways, as it turned out, my entire life up to that moment had been a preparation to handle that particular moment.
COURIC VOICE OVER: That moment was captured by security cameras at 3:30 p.m. on January 15, as flight 1549 approached the water line and then landed in the river.
SULLY: Hitting the water is hard. It was a hard landing. And then we scooted along the surface for some point. And then at some point the nose finally did come down as the speed decreased. And then we turned slightly to the left and stopped.
COURIC: When you landed, you and the first officer looked at each other.
SULLY: And we said, ‘Well, that wasn’t as bad as I thought.’ And then we quickly began doing our duties. He was running the evacuation check list while I opened the door and commanded ‘evacuate’.
COURIC: Did you give yourself even a few seconds though to acknowledge that you had averted disaster?
SULLY: No, because I hadn’t quite yet. And I had business to attend to. I had a job to do.